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Everyday Skincare

Posted on March 14th, 2020 10:43 PM




 > EVERYDAY SKIN CARE

Overview

You've probably heard about ceramides and hyaluronic acid, and about how they can do a lot of good on the skin as a component of cosmetic products. But what exactly is hyaluronic acid, and what are the benefits of ceramides in creams? Here is the short answer - Ceramides and hyaluronic acid are both endogenous substances which, among other things, create firm and supple skin. A deficiency can lead to dry skin. Read one to discover how the two substances make skin fresh and beautiful, what happens when you have a lack of ceramides and hyaluronic acid, and what you can do about it.

What Are Ceramides & Hyaluronic Acid, and What Functions Do They Have In Regards to Skin?

Ceramides and hyaluronic acid are important for the optimal health of the skin. They're both product by the body, but act in different ways. Ceramides are lipids, which are fats that are produced in the sebaceous glands. Hyaluronic acid is a transparent, gel-like fluid that is not only produced in the skin but also in other areas of the body. Their concentration in the skin is particularly high.

Hyaluronic acid primarily binds water in the skin - more precisely, in the extracellular matrix. This area has ability to store several liters of fluid per gram. A high concentration of hyaluronic acid therefore means a high content of water, which makes the skin firm and plump. In addition, hyaluronic acid helps protects against damaging environmental influences and promotes cell renewal.

Ceramides ensure that transepidermal water loss does not occur too quickly by holding onto water in the skin. In addition, ceramides can reduce free radicals in the skin that destroy elastin and collagen. This helps prevent metabolic processes that can lead to hyperpigmentation and age spots. Ceramides hold skin cells firmly together in the uppermost skin layer. This not only keeps the fluid in the skin but also protects it from allergens and external aggressors. Ceramides are not only important for a healthy appearance, but also for a healthy functioning skin.

Cause & Consequences of a Lack of Ceramides and/or Hyaluronic Acid In The Skin

A lack of ceramides and hyaluronic acid is a consequence of the natural aging process. From the age of 25 the body gradually produces less of both. The consequences of this natural reduction is drier skin that appears less plump and shows wrinkles. Of course, this process varies by individual.

Other reasons for a low concentration of ceramides and hyaluronic acid in the skin are environmental factors, lifestyle and skin diseases. This effects the skin all over the body, which means that a lack of ceramides can manifest itself anywhere - such as dry, itchy skin on the legs. Ambient temperature also has an influence on the fat production of the sebaceous glands; at low temperature they produce less ceramides and the glandular glands contract. That is why many people have more issues with dry skin in winter.

Lacking in ceramides and hyaluronic acid isn't just a cosmetic problem - it can also have skin health impacts. When skin is dry the protective skin barrier is not as intact as it should be, so warding off external aggressors can be affected. This is why complaints such as skin irritation, contact dermatitis or even atopic dermatitis occur more quickly. This is why a lack of ceramides and hyaluronic acid should always be addressed.

What Can Be Done About a Lack of Ceramides and/or Hyaluronic Acid?

In order to balance or prevent a lack of ceramides and hyaluronic acid, the following three measures are important: 

• A healthy lifestyle
• Dietary supplements
• Nourishing cosmetics.

A healthy lifestyle supports the natural regeneration of the skin. This includes drinking plenty of water, avoiding stress and getting enough sleep. Hot showers and internal heating deprive the skin of moisture. In winter, the skin is exposed to a frequent change between warm indoor air and cold outside air. It is therefore not surprising that the skin tends to dry out especially in this season. For those affected, it may be useful to nourish the skin with moisturisers enriched with ceramides and hyaluronic acid.

Skin care products have a direct effect on the outermost layer of the skin, the epidermis, where they counteract damage caused by missing ceramides and hyaluronic acid. The skin is not only able to absorb moisture, but retain is better as well.

The skin care range offered by CeraVe replenishes skin immediately after the first application. For this purpose, CeraVe uses hyaluronic acid as well as three essential ceramides. These are the so-called ceramides 1, 3 and 6-II, which also occur naturally in the skin and are important for a healthy skin barrier. If they are sufficiently abundant, it is more likely that the skin will keep moisture in and foreign bodies out.

In addition, CeraVe's products use MVE technology to provide long-lasting hydration to the skin. The technology is based on many small globules in which ceramides and hyaluronic acid are stacked on top of each other like the skin of an onion, gradually releasing them over an extended period of time.



 > DRY, ITCHY OR SCALY SKIN

The skin is the largest and most versatile organ in humans and performs many important tasks. It is not only a sensory organ but also serves the body as protection. At the same time, the skin can react extremely sensitively to external influences. Especially in winter, many people complain about dry facial skin, because in the cold season, the body reduces the production of sebum and forms less fat. This causes moisture to be lost. Increased hydration helps in most cases to solve this problem.

Appearance of Dry Skin

Dry skin may feel rough and slightly scaly. In addition, skin areas can be red and have tiny cracks, which can cause inflammation. Dryness also tightens the skin which can itch, regardless of the affected body region.

Symptoms and Discomfort of Dry Skin on the Face

Dry facial skin can look tired, pale or red, and can feel tight and sensitive. In many cases, it also starts to shed. Small wrinkles are especially characteristic of dry skin on the face. Certain parts of the face are more prone to dryness than others. 

Dry Skin Under The Eyes and on the Nose

Lack of moisture is particularly evident on the skin under the eyes . The skin is very thin and sensitive, which makes it dry more quickly. The same applies to the skin on the nose. Especially in the cold and flu season the skin around the nose can become dry and red.

Dry Lips & Dry Skin on the Cheeks

Since the lip skin has hardly any sebaceous glands the lips can become dry very easily. This is especially the case in winter when the body already produces less sebum. Because sebaceous glands are located mainly in the middle of the face and on the forehead in the so-called T-zone the cheeks can become quite dry

Causes of Dry Skin on the Face

When dry skin appears on the face, the causes can be very varied. Skin types are frequently hereditary which plays a role. In addition, there are also various external influences and behaviours that affect the skin condition and can promote the development of dry skin

External Influences That Cause Dry Skin on the Face

• SUNLIGHT: The sun's UV rays affect the skin barrier. Sun exposed skin tends to be dryer.

• COLD & HEAT: In cold weather, skin is dryer because the body produces less sebum. At high temperatures, the skin loses moisture through sweating. Similarly, low humidity and internal heating promote dry skin.

• WATER: Chlorine water and too long or hot baths dry out the skin.

• WRONG SKIN CARE: Lack of or exaggerated skin care habits such as the constant use of soap or violent rubbing of the skin can aggravate the skin.

• CONTAMINANTS & CHEMICALS: Detergents, paints, varnishes or solvents contain chemicals that can be damaging to the skin and may cause dry skin.

Internal Influences That Can Cause Dry Skin on the Face

• SMOKING & ALCOHOL: Increased consumption of alcohol and regular smoking.

• LOW FLUID INTAKE & NUTRIENT-POOR DIET: People who drink too little water and eat too little vitamins often suffer from dry skin.

• NATURAL AGING PROCESS: With increasing age, the density of sweat and sebaceous glands decreases. In addition, the skin cannot store as much moisture as it did in younger years.

• HORMONAL FLUCTUATIONS: Hormonal changes cause in certain phases of life a reduced sebaceous gland production and thus promote dry skin.

• SKIN DISEASES & MEDICATIONS: Skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis , psoriasis or rosacea go hand in hand with dry skin. In addition, some medications have a side effect on the water balance in the skin and can therefore cause dry skin.

What You Can Do To Stop Dry Skin on the Face

In order to prevent dry skin on the face, you should protect yourself from the causes and influences mentioned above. Sunscreens with a high sun protection factor help against the UV radiation of the sun. These are not only recommended in summer, but also all year round. In addition, you should make sure to always drink enough liquid (at least 1.5 litres a day). Do not take hot showers and use mild, soap-free and moisturising shower gels.

Applying oil baths to foam baths and use moisturising care products can also help. These should be tailored to your skin type. 

In general, a healthy lifestyle with little or no alcohol and no cigarettes helps prevent dry skin. If the skin dryness is due to a skin condition, you should consult a dermatologist.

... and How Do Ceramides Come Into It?

The natural skin barrier consists of 50 percent ceramides . These are lipids (fats) that are located between the cells of the uppermost skin layer. These are vital for a sufficient supply of moisture in the skin

The Influence of Ceramides on Dry Skin

Without ceramides, the natural skin barrier is weakened, which can enable harmful substances to penetrate the skin more quickly, resulting in dry and irritated skin. Accordingly, many care products contain ceramides, as these counteract a deficiency and strengthen the skin barrier . As the level of ceramide in the skin decreases with age, it is even more important to maintain the skin sustainably.

CeraVe Products For Dry Skin on the Face

The CeraVe facial care products contain a ceramide complex, which consists of three ceramides and improve the hydration of the skin. The three essential ceramides are:
• Ceramide 1 for strengthening the lipid layer 
• Ceramide 3 for better hydration
• Ceramide 6-II as a natural moisturising factor in the skin
Enriched with ceramides, CeraVe contributes to the support of the natural skin barrier. The long-lasting moisturising effect over 24 hours is due to the MVE technology (multivesicular emulsion technology). Hyaluronic acid also moisturises the skin and at the same time renews the elasticity, reducing the development of wrinkles. In addition to facial care products .



 > DRY, ITCHY OR SCALY SKIN

Overview

Scaly skin can appear on the face and body, most often on the legs, hands and feet. Scaly patches can just be the result of dry skin or skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis. 

Understanding Scaly Skin

Scaly skin forms when the outer layer of the skin begins to flake off. This may be due to a combination of factors such as a weak or damaged skin barrier that allows moisture to escape. When the skins natural renewal process is disrupted, a build-up of dead cells may also lead to scaly skin. Additionally, the natural aging process, climate, prolonged submersion in water, and external irritants can lead to patches of dry or scaly skin. 

Potential Causes Of Dry, Scaly Skin Patches

While it may go away on its own, scaly skin can also be a symptom of the below conditions.

• Eczema
• Psoriasis
Seborrheic dermatitis
Actinic keratosis
Ichthyosis vulgaris
Athlete’s foot
Skin cancer

Conditions That Cause Scaly Skin

ECZEMA
Itchy, red, rough patches, commonly inside the elbows and behind the knees, although it can appear anywhere on the body. Eczema often begins in childhood and it is usually triggered by specific environmental factors.

PSORIASIS
Psoriasis, leads to inflamed patches of red skin covered with thick, silvery-white scales. Usually seen on the knees, elbows, lower back, palms and soles of the feet, psoriasis requires ongoing medical treatment to relieve dry scaly skin patches and help prevent them from returning.

SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
Flaky, scaly skin on the scalp, eyebrows, sides of the nose and behind the ears can be due to this form of eczema, which can also present as dandruff.

ACTINIC KERATOSIS
Individual scaly patches on skin with a history of sun exposure can be caused by actinic keratosis. These dark, thickened spots can lead to skin cancer if left untreated.

ICHTHYOSIS VULGARIS
This common genetic condition prevents dead skin cells from shedding naturally, in turn causing accumulation that resembles fish scales.

If you suspect your dry or scaly skin may be caused by one of the above skin conditions, it's best to see a dermatologist who can offer the most effective treatment options.

How To Improve Dry, Scaly Skin

Introducing hydrating skincare products such as a gentle moisturiser and body wash can help improve the appearance of scaly skin. Look for products that contain ceramides to restore the skins barrier and retain hydration. Hyaluronic acid is another essential ingredient as it absorbs moisture like a sponge – it can hold up to 1,000 times its weight in water. Gentle exfoliation with ingredients such as salicylic acid and lactic acid can also help to smooth the look and feel of dry, scaly skin provided this is not caused by a medical skin condition.

Seek the advice of a dermatologist as they will be able to determine the cause and suggest appropriate additional treatment options.


Why Is My Skin Scaly? Common Causes and Ways to Treat

 > DRY, ITCHY OR SCALY SKIN

Overview

Scaly skin can appear on the face and body, most often on the legs, hands and feet. Scaly patches can just be the result of dry skin or skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis. 

Understanding Scaly Skin

Scaly skin forms when the outer layer of the skin begins to flake off. This may be due to a combination of factors such as a weak or damaged skin barrier that allows moisture to escape. When the skins natural renewal process is disrupted, a build-up of dead cells may also lead to scaly skin. Additionally, the natural aging process, climate, prolonged submersion in water, and external irritants can lead to patches of dry or scaly skin. 

Potential Causes Of Dry, Scaly Skin Patches

While it may go away on its own, scaly skin can also be a symptom of the below conditions.

• Eczema
• Psoriasis
Seborrheic dermatitis
Actinic keratosis
Ichthyosis vulgaris
Athlete’s foot
Skin cancer

Conditions That Cause Scaly Skin

ECZEMA
Itchy, red, rough patches, commonly inside the elbows and behind the knees, although it can appear anywhere on the body. Eczema often begins in childhood and it is usually triggered by specific environmental factors.

PSORIASIS
Psoriasis, leads to inflamed patches of red skin covered with thick, silvery-white scales. Usually seen on the knees, elbows, lower back, palms and soles of the feet, psoriasis requires ongoing medical treatment to relieve dry scaly skin patches and help prevent them from returning.

SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
Flaky, scaly skin on the scalp, eyebrows, sides of the nose and behind the ears can be due to this form of eczema, which can also present as dandruff.

ACTINIC KERATOSIS
Individual scaly patches on skin with a history of sun exposure can be caused by actinic keratosis. These dark, thickened spots can lead to skin cancer if left untreated.

ICHTHYOSIS VULGARIS
This common genetic condition prevents dead skin cells from shedding naturally, in turn causing accumulation that resembles fish scales.

If you suspect your dry or scaly skin may be caused by one of the above skin conditions, it's best to see a dermatologist who can offer the most effective treatment options.

How To Improve Dry, Scaly Skin

Introducing hydrating skincare products such as a gentle moisturiser and body wash can help improve the appearance of scaly skin. Look for products that contain ceramides to restore the skins barrier and retain hydration. Hyaluronic acid is another essential ingredient as it absorbs moisture like a sponge – it can hold up to 1,000 times its weight in water. Gentle exfoliation with ingredients such as salicylic acid and lactic acid can also help to smooth the look and feel of dry, scaly skin provided this is not caused by a medical skin condition.

Seek the advice of a dermatologist as they will be able to determine the cause and suggest appropriate additional treatment options.



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